Processed from the coca plant, native to South America, cocaine is an addictive stimulant that creates feelings of euphoria, excitement, and talkativeness. The drug is most often used in powder form, which is either inhaled through the nose or diluted in water and injected. Cocaine also appears in rock crystal form, called crack, which can be heated to produce vapors that are then inhaled into the lungs.
In 2008, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimated about 1.9 million cocaine users, about 359,000 of which were crack cocaine users. In that same year, the NSDUH found that nearly 1.4 million Americans met the criteria of dependence on or abuse of cocaine. Roughly one in four drug abuse or misuse visits to the emergency room involved cocaine. The 2013 survey found that cocaine use went down, though it still remains high at about 1.5 million Americans age 12 and older.
Drugs use chemicals that disrupt the brain’s entire communication system, rerouting the way your brain sends, receives, and processes information. Drugs can create this disruption by either over-stimulating the brain’s reward center or imitating neurotransmitters that naturally occur in your body.
Cocaine causes your nerve cells to release dopamine in unnaturally large volumes while also preventing its natural recycling. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that controls motivation, movement, emotion, and pleasure, over-stimulating the brain’s reward systems. This essentially teaches people to repeat the action of taking cocaine in order to maintain those pleasurable, euphoric feelings.
As a stimulant, cocaine increases the production of dopamine, which regulates the brain’s pleasure centers and the body’s general movement. This leads to an elevated mood, an increased sense of energy and alertness, and feelings of supremacy. However, this high is also often accompanied by:
Cocaine also dilates pupils and constricts blood vessels. Using cocaine generally increases body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Cocaine can also cause headaches and bother your gastrointestinal system, leading to nausea, abdominal pain, and an upset stomach. These immediate effects wear off between 30 minutes and two hours, though smoking and injecting cocaine tend to create faster, shorter highs.
Using cocaine comes with a variety of inherent dangers to you and others. Along with long-term disease, cocaine addiction can lead to:
Cocaine is highly addictive, affecting nearly all aspects of your health. That addiction causes reckless behavior and puts the user in an erratic state of mind. Cocaine addiction forces you to make bad choices and hurt those closest to you.
Cocaine addiction puts you at risk for a wide range of diseases and disorders, including:
Recovering from any sort of addiction often requires some help from medication, which can reduce withdrawal symptoms and help the general detoxification process. Some common medications used to help cocaine addiction treatment include:
Detox is a necessary step to sobriety. It is required to enter more extensive 30-, 60-, or 90-day rehab programs for long-term care. Think of detox as working the chemicals out of your system and repairing your body. Rehab gives you the strength to continue a healthy, happy life.
Georgia Drug Detox offers a wide range of inpatient detox facilities that specialize in helping patients detox from cocaine. We can help you find a treatment center that matches your needs for maximum success. Have any questions or need assistance with insurance? Please don’t hesitate to contact us. If you’re ready to take the first step, call (678) 771-6411 to admit yourself to a cocaine detox treatment center and begin your life anew.
Georgia Drug Detox is dedicated to helping you find and select a detox program that fits your personal needs and gets you on track for recovery. It is important to complete your detox surrounded by supportive professionals who specialize in treating your specific addition, not just addiction in general. Contact us today at (678) 771-6411 and we will walk you through the process today.